In the article, Minority Politics in the Mediterranean World, by Paul Silverstein he talks about how king Mohamed VI of Morocco put into effect a new constitution. This constitution states in Article 3 “Islam to be ‘the religion of the State’ but guarantees to all ‘the free exercise of faiths [cultes]’. Article 5 states that Arabic ‘remains the official language of the State’ but goes on to specify that ‘all the same [de même] Amazigh constitutes an official language of the State, as the common heritage [patrimoine] of all Moroccans without exception.” The wording of the constitution on the other hand might makes it seem like they are all on the same equal “footing”, but ranked them with respectively definite and indefinite articles of “officialness”. Paul Silverstein says it well is this “Real equality or simply a pale reflection thereof?”
Mikaela Rogozen-Soltar in her writing Spain Unmoored brings up religious tolerance in the varying liberal, secular regimes of governance. She also bring up the seperation of recent Muslim converts and migrants. The recent Muslim converts see them selves as “privileged brokers of a new, convivencía, privileged in no small part because their unimpeachable racial capital and modern belonging allows them to side-step the stigmatizing gaze; their Islamic dress is read as cosmopolitan fashion rather than patriarchal backwardness. Moroccan migrants, on the other hand, can claim genealogical capital, as both naturally Muslim from birth and as the lineal descendents of the original inhabitants of al-Andalus.” Just based on this their is no secular ideology. If the major religion is suppose to be Islam then there shouldn’t be a divide in what is the real “Islamic faith”.
Paul A. Silverstein (2017) Minority politics in the Mediterranean world, History
and Anthropology, 28:5, 653-662, DOI: 10.1080/02757206.2017.1344838